Buffy Sainte-Marie est une indienne Cree du Canada. Militante des droits humains, elle est depuis toujours très investie dans les luttes amérindiennes. Elle a appartenu à la vague folk des années 60-70.

L’une de ses chansons les plus célèbres, Universal Soldier, est un hymne à la paix. Un hymne violent et sans complaisance, appelant à la désobéissance les soldats sans lesquels il n’y aurait ni Hitler, ni César. Elle l’interprète ici en public en 1970.


He’s five feet two and he’s six feet four
He fights with missiles and with spears
He’s all of 31 and he’s only 17
He’s been a soldier for a thousand years

He’s a Catholic, a Hindu, an athiest, a Jain,
a Buddhist and a Baptist and a Jew
and he knows he shouldn’t kill
and he knows he always will
kill you for me my friend and me for you

And he’s fighting for Canada,
he’s fighting for France,
he’s fighting for the USA,
and he’s fighting for the Russians
and he’s fighting for Japan,
and he thinks we’ll put an end to war this way

And he’s fighting for Democracy
and fighting for the Reds
He says it’s for the peace of all
He’s the one who must decide
who’s to live and who’s to die
and he never sees the writing on the walls

But without him how would Hitler have
condemned him at Dachau
Without him Caesar would have stood alone
He’s the one who gives his body
as a weapon to a war
and without him all this killing can’t go on

He’s the universal soldier and he
really is to blame
His orders come from far away no more
They come from him, and you, and me
and brothers can’t you see
this is not the way we put an end to war